Hypothyroidism is a disease in which an insufficient amount of thyroid gland is produced due to a lack of hormone. The result of this condition is a slow metabolism. People suffer from weight loss, psychological state problems and other symptoms.
In total, it is customary to distinguish the main three causes of the development of the disease:
Inflammation of the thyroid gland. As a rule, when an organ becomes inflamed, the hormone cannot be produced in full, which is necessary to maintain a healthy state.
Traumatic medical procedures. In some diseases, for example, cancer, it is necessary to completely or partially remove the organ. In this case, even the remaining part cannot cope with full functioning. There is not enough hormone and problems with the functioning of the thyroid gland begin. It is logical that complete removal also leads to a complete shutdown of the functioning of the organ.
Slowing down of the thyroid gland due to problems in the pituitary gland. If the organ works slowly, then the hormone is not enough.
Many symptoms of hypothyroidism are similar to many other diseases, so many patients do not immediately turn to cancer. Typical symptoms include:
- Fatigue, weakness.
- Weight gain or difficulty losing weight.
- Dry, hard, brittle hair.
- Dry, rough, pale skin.
- Hair loss.
- Brittle and layered nails.
- Intolerance to cold and cold water.
- Muscle spasms and frequent muscle pain.
- Constipation, as the thyroid gland stimulates the intestines.
- Depression, irritability.
- Weakening of memory.
- Menstrual cycle failure.
- Decreased libido.
These are just some of the symptoms. They may all be present in a person, or only a part may appear. Dangerous cases are those that are asymptomatic.